Diabetes is one of the most common diseases in the elderly. It affects seniors who have high levels of blood sugar in their bodies. The senior must undergo a customized, solid treatment plan for treating their high sugar levels. A proper treatment plan can improve their life expectancy and quality of life. Read on to know more about the best ways and tips to manage diabetes in seniors.
What is Diabetes?
Diabetes affects people with high levels of blood sugar or blood glucose. The food we eat converts into blood glucose, which is our primary source of energy. Insulin is the hormone that uses glucose as energy for our body. However, if the secretion of the hormone insulin is low or the hormone fails to convert the glucose as energy, the blood glucose levels increase; this, in turn, leads to diabetics.
Unfortunately, diabetes has no cure. However, we can ensure different ways to manage diabetes in seniors as they cause severe threats over time.
Types of Diabetics
There are many kinds of diabetes, but the most common types are type 1 and type 2.
Type 1 affects people who cannot make insulin in their body. This type 1 diabetes affects both seniors and young people.
The inability to make or use insulin in the body causes type 2 diabetes. It is one of the most common types of diabetes, which affects seniors and middle-aged people. Overweight, inactive lifestyles are some of the causes of type 2 diabetics in adults.
Best Way To Manage Diabetes
Diabetes is a lifelong disease that can cause serious health issues when not treated properly. It is essential to understand the best ways to manage diabetes in seniors to keep it under control.
1. Monitor The Glucose Levels
Extreme high or deficient levels of glucose are a threat to seniors. Therefore, it is essential to monitor their glucose levels as per your medical practitioner’s advice. In general, people who are on insulin medication have a hard time to control their blood glucose levels.
On the other hand, people with low blood glucose levels have to monitor their blood glucose levels regularly. Tracking blood glucose levels is the best way to manage diabetes in seniors.
2. Opt For Healthy Food
For a diabetic elderly, the food they eat affects their glucose levels. Therefore, your health practitioner might advise eating a healthy diet, which is low in sugar and saturated fats. An additional tip for managing diabetics in seniors is to come up with a healthy meal plan on how much and when to eat. Meal plans will help you to keep your seniors diabetes in control and slow down weight gain.
3. Be Active
It is vital to stay active when you try to keep your blood glucose levels in control. Walking, running, swimming is some of the few exercises to help you stay fit and healthy. You can make a plan for physical activity in your seniors to keep their sugar levels intact. The best way to manage diabetes in seniors is to build resistance and muscles to maintain blood sugar levels.
4. Take Medications
Taking medications at the right time is crucial for a diabetic senior. However, it is also easy to forget their medications as it is a normal part of aging. For this purpose, there are various medication reminders like pillboxes, sticky notes, and mobile applications to help the elderly never miss their medicines. Therefore, taking their medications at the right time is the best tip to manage diabetes in seniors.
5. Check Blood Pressure Levels
Diabetes in seniors increases their risk of heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, and other health problems. But when the senior has blood pressure, the chances of these health problems are elevated. Therefore, to keep your body healthy, it is vital to monitor your blood pressure levels at regular intervals. Your medical practitioner might refer a few medications to maintain your blood pressure based on your health conditions.
6. Monitor Cholesterol Level
Diabetes affects cholesterol levels in seniors. High blood glucose lowers the good cholesterol and raises the bad cholesterol – triglycerides in your seniors. Triglycerides, in turn, increases the risk of heart disease and stroke in your seniors. In addition to this, your elderly are at a high risk of premature heart diseases. Therefore, one of the best ways to manage diabetes in seniors is to monitor their cholesterol levels regularly.
7. Avoid Smoking
The most crucial tip for managing diabetes in seniors is to quit smoking. For a diabetic senior, the body might struggle to produce insulin; further smoking regularly will make their body more resistant to insulin. It will lead to higher blood sugar levels causing severe complications to their health. Smoking causes respiratory disease, a rise in blood sugar, and causes heart and blood vessel damage. For this purpose, it is vital to quit smoking to maintain blood sugar levels.
8. Examine Their Feet
If you have a diabetic senior at home, it is essential to examine their feet regularly. It is crucial to keep your feet free from rashes, blisters, infections, or cuts. Visit the doctor immediately if any of the signs are visible on the feet. Additionally, symptoms of rashes, red spots mean your senior needs a medical practitioner’s attention. So, ensure you prevent dryness by treating the feet with lotion. Also, it is essential to wear comfortable shoes at all times; this way, you can manage diabetes in seniors.
9. Check Their Kidneys
One of the most common causes of kidney failure is diabetes. The high blood sugar levels impact the kidneys in the long run, which will fail the kidney. For this purpose, the diabetic seniors must check their kidneys at regular intervals. One important tip for managing diabetes in seniors is to control the blood sugar levels by taking proper medications and with less consumption of protein. Practicing this will help to maintain sugar levels while keeping a check on their kidneys.
10. Visit The Dentist
Maintaining oral hygiene is a must for a diabetic senior. In general, people with diabetes are prone to develop gum disease and dental problems. Diabetes lowers the blood supply to the gums; this, in turn, will destroy their gums and tissues holding the teeth. Additionally, high blood sugar levels will cause dry mouth and will worsen the gum disease. Regular visits to the dentist and treating gum disease are ways to manage diabetes in seniors.
Care For Diabetic Senior From Karev Home Caregivers
Karev Home Caregivers understand every senior is unique and special. Therefore, we come with tailor-made plans to provide care for your dear one. Our experts can ensure your elderly never miss their medicine, takes the right amount of food at the right time, and stays active, and many more.
Our passion for serving the elderly has made us who we are today. Therefore, we guarantee to leave you astonished with our exceptional services. So, be prepared to be amazed!